Copper engraving with old hand-colouring, numbered in an old hand on verso (165) and with French text on verso (so it could have been printed in either 1575,1576 or 1579). Overall sheet size: 55.1cms x 40.8cms. Some greyish patches in bottom margin and dust marking in top margin; two neat ink numbers top right and top left ; three very small remnants of tape from old framing on verso at top else very good condition. The birthplace ..of the home of its author, Georg Braun, is seen in bird's eye view from a steep angle. The plan clearly illustrates Cologne's large surface area and its characteristic semicircular ground plan fronting the Rhine. Thanks to the captions, the most important buildings can be easily identified. To the left of centre the cathedral- the largest Gothic church in Germany, with towers 157m in height appears in distored perspective. To its right lies the town hall described by Braun together with the Alter Markt and the Heumarkt. Prominent in the lower half of the map is the is the Romanesque basilica of the Holy Apostles. A major city since Roman times, in 1288 Cologne became an imperial city. Close trading links with England encouraged its rapid economic growth and the Cologne exchange was founded in 1553. the crowded docks illustrate the city's lively commercial traffic. From 1388 onwards the city was also the seat of a university, which was the first in the German-speaking territory to have been founded on the initiative of a town council. The Braun- Hogenberg map of Cologne was created specifically for the atlas and is one of the most valuable and accurate plans of the city as it stood in the 16th Century when it was home to some 40,000 inhabitants. With a current population of about one million, Cologne is today the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia. Cities of the World edited by Stephan Fussel. The Civitates Orbis Terrarum - Cities of the whole World - was one of the best-selling works of the late sixteenth-century. It was a monumental work completed over 45 years between 1572 and 1617. It was the first systematic city atlas (containing the first printed views of many towns). Braun wrote the text and Ortelius - who travelled with the artist Joris Hoefnagel - supplied much of the material, which was then engraved by Novellus and Hogenburg. There were a number of editions, mostly with Latin text, but it is extremely difficult (and as Koeman says of secondary importance) to differentiate between them, as the state of the plates and their number and order does not vary.
|Map maker||Braun,Georg, Hogenberg,Franz|
|Published at year||1575circa|
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