FIRST PRINTED MAP OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN. Latin text verso. State 1. Long title: Maris Pacifici, (quod vulgo Mar del Zur) cum regionibus circumiacentibus, insulisque in eodem /passim sparsis, novissima descriptio. (A very new description of the peaceful sea, commonly called South Sea with the regions lying around it, and its islands, scattered everywhere). Copper engraving with original hand colouring: 54.2cms x 44.3cms; image size: 392mm x 342mm. Worm track at bottom of very large margin; stray hand colour splash bottom left margin and left of decorative cartouche bottom left; few marks bottom right margin else excellent condition. 'One of the most important maps that appeared in the Ortelius atlases', Burden, The Mapping Of North America, 74. The map depicts the Pacific Ocean based on the work of Frans Hogenberg, Mercator's World map from 1569 as well as the manuscripts of Bartomeo de Lasso (some 25 in number). It shows the Americas, Japan, South East Asia and Antarctica. Ortelius pays tribute to the voyages of Ferdinand Magellan, who, on a mission to find a route to the 'Spice Islands', became the first European to cross the Pacific and discover what is now known as the Strait of Magellan. This map was not issued in the atlas until 1590 so it is not as available as some of his other maps. There is new information on the Americas in this map though , head of the Gulf of California is depicted in new form, with Rio Grande being introduced for the first time. Both North and South America are named. The large ship bottom right is Magellan's Vitoria. Terra del Fuego, first sighted by Magellan, is the tip of a southern land, Terra Australis Sive Magellancia, Nondum Detecta, which extrends westraward towards a large island Nova Guinea. This island is mapped differently to Ortelius' world map of 1588 suggesting that he may have drawn on new information from an unrecorded voyage. Of the great Terra Australis (Southern Land) Ortelius labels this continent as,' nondum', 'not yet' detected. Its existence though was not doubted. Van Den Broecke, Ortelius Atlas Maps, 12. Suarez. Early Mapping of the Pacific Ocean. Map Collector issue 22. Fine example of an important and stunning map. Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) Abraham Ortelius is one of the most important figures in the history of cartography. He was born and educated in Antwerp and after studying mathematics and the classics he began work as a bookdealer and colourist of maps. His business as a book dealer required him to travel to various parts of Europe and he was thus able to establish numerous contacts that would prove useful in later years. In the 1560s he published individual maps as well as an eight-sheet map of the world. He went on to compile a collection of maps from his numerous contacts among European map-makers. These he had engraved, mainly by Frans Hogenberg, to a uniform size and bound to form a book which he published in 1570 as the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This was in effect the first 'atlas' although this term wouldn't be used until twenty years later by Ortelius's colleague Mercator. One unique aspect of the atlas was that on the reverse of the maps was printed a description of the area. Another unusual aspect of the book was that Ortelius listed his sources and credited the various cartographers. The first edition contained 70 maps with text and was a great success. Numerous editions followed with revisions being made as new and more accurate information was found and the final edition was published in 1612. Ortelius died July 4th, 1598, and was buried in Antwerp, with this inscription on his gravestone,' Quietis cultor sine lite, uxore, prole', (' Served quietly, without accusation, wife, and offspring').
|Map maker||Ortelius, Abraham|
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