Long title: Salopiae Comitatus summa cum fide, cura et diligentia descriptionem haec tibi tabula refert. A Dm 1577. Christopherus Saxton descripsit. Remigius Hogenbergius Sculpsit. Scala miliarum 8 (= 3 1/4 ins ). Bunch of grapes watermark considered to signify an EARLY IMPRESSION of this first edition (see Chubb p3). Copper engraving with original hand colouring. Overall sheet size: 55.4cms x 41.2cms; image size : 482mm x 390mm. Towns (indicated by a church and houses), villages (indicated by a church only) and hills (shown pictorially by small 'molehill' mounds). A few trees within a ring fence indicate a park, while unfenced trees stand for a forest or other woodland. Rivers are shown, with a few bridges, but there are no roads. Some browning in blank areas as is often the case; brown line around neatline in the large margin from old framing, one small, old, repair to bottom margin on verso, strengthening a worm hole at the xtremem bottom edge; Shrophire is written on the verso in an old hand in ink and similarly 'Septentrio' at top centrefold on the front; publishers (done at time of printing) to right of centrefold else very good condition with large margins. Blank back. FIRST PRINTED MAP OF SHROPSHIRE. Rare Christopher Saxton was born in Yorkshire in the early 1540s and during his early life gained an enthusiasm for and understanding of map-making under the direction of a local vicar John Rudd, himself a cartographer. During the reign of Elizabeth I it was William Cecil later to become Lord Burghley, who saw the national importance of effective maps to assist the administration and defence of the realm and with his enthusiasm and the patronage of Thomas Seckford an official in the Elizabethan court, Saxton was commissioned to survey the whole of England and Wales. A huge undertaking given the times and the means available to him. The survey began in the early 1570s and by 1574 the first plates had been engraved., the maps as issued being dated from 1574 to 1579. The complete collection of 34 maps first published as an atlas in 1579 but the maps were sold separately beforehand. In the end the atlas comprised of a general map of England and Wales and 34 others of either individual or grouped counties. They were engraved by some of the best engravers of the time and when published they set a standard both in accuracy and decorative detail to the extent that they remained the basis for succeeding county maps for well over the following hundred years. They provide the earliest detailed picture of England and Wales and are a remarkable achievement.
|Map maker||Saxton, Christopher|
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|Rest of the World||£13.50||£2.00|
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