This copper engraved sea chart of Papua New Guinea shows the new discoveries of Captains Cook, Carteret, and Dampier along New Guinea, New Britain, and New Ireland. The chart details the path of Captain Cook's voyage along the southwestern coast of the island of New Guinea in today's Irian Jaya, Indonesia's easternmost province. Cook sailed between Australia and New Guinea and proved the existence of the Strait of Torres. The chart also details the explorations of Carteret and Dampier which focused on the northern portion of New Guinea and the nearby Pacific islands.Overall sheet size: 37.7cms x 22.7; image size: 350mm x 153mm. One small circle of thinness when held up to the light, not visible from front and one small pinprick at 145 degrees in the border else very good condition.
Philip Carteret (1733-1796) was lieutenant of the frigate Dolphin with Captain John Byron (between 1764-1766). A second expedition was dispatched soon after Byron's return, with the Dolphin commanded by Captain Samuel Wallis (1728-1795) and the Swallow commanded by Carteret. They had as their objective to search for the great continent 'Terra Australis Incognita.' The Swallow was separated from the Dolphin and Carteret suspected he had been deliberately abandoned. He resolved to continue and discovered the Pitcairn Islands (later made famous by the Bounty mutineers). Following these voyages, Captain James Cook (1728-1779) made three voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779. ‘National Maritime Museum’
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