No 44. Long title: The Road from LONDON to MONTGOMERY, NORTH WALES. Containing 158 miles 5 furlongs (viz)
From the Standard in Cornhill, London to the 4 shire stone in the Aberistwith road 81.3 to Campden 6.3 to Evesholme 7.7 to the City of WORCESTER 14.2 to the Hundred House 9.0. to Tenbury 10.0 to Ludlow 7.5 to Bishops Castle 14.8 to Montgomery 8.3. From: Britannia,or an Illustration of the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales; by a Geographical and Historical description of the Principal roads thereof.
Overall sheet size : 47.1cms x 34.8cms. Image size: 456mm x 323mm. Copper engraving with later hand colouring. Attractive cartouche. The route is shown in seven strips, mile by mile, showing every town, village, wood and milestone along the way. Each strip has a compass rose showing north. Centrefold as published. Area of thinning in ribbon six strengthened on verso and one minute wormhole opposite the ‘s’ in Worcestershire in strip similarly repaired on verso; staining from old tape removed from verso shows through top right and left else beautifully coloured map in good condition.
John Ogilby is regarded by many as the most important name in British Cartography after Christopher Saxton. He was born in Edinburgh in 1600 and led a varied life embracing many different careers. He started life as a dancing teacher and followed this with a spell as tutor to the children of the Earl of Stafford.
Next he went to Dublin where he ran a theatre successfully until the Civil War in 1641. He nearly lost his life in the Irish troubles and returned to London destitute. After a time in Cambridge as a literary translator he found favour at Court and was responsible for organising the coronation revels. After another sojourn in Dublin he set up business as a printer and publisher in London but this venture was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. After the fire he was appointed one of four "sworn viewers" who were ordered to survey those parts of the city that had been destroyed, in order to establish rights of ownership. The King appointed him Royal Cosmographer and Geographic Printer.
Encouraged by the King's interest in the project Ogilby began work on Britannia, the first national road atlas. The first edition of 100 strip maps appeared in 1675 funded in part by a lottery organised by Ogilby. Unfortunately Ogilby died in the year of publication and so the rest of the project was never completed. He established the Statute Mile of 1,760 yards as a national unit of measurement, prior to his work there were three different mile lengths in use.
See Reference works by J. Booth, R.A. Skelton and Thomas Chubb.
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