Cross's London Guide
£275.00 Approx $357.61, €317.92
Author: Cross, Joseph
Date published: 1844No date. Dated from Howgego (No. 360- 4). Steel engraving with original hand colouring. Linen-backed folding map dissected into 21 squares and folding into brown paper endpapers (no slipcase ). Overall sheet size: 74.9cms x 47.8cms; image size: 738mm x 432mm Pen ownership signature on top cover which is chipped and frayed at the edges and marked; the linen backing is marked and speckled and the map itself is browned and in blank areas and particularly so in the margins and key areas at the bottom of the map. The key denotes the boundaries of the boroughs of the city of Westminster of Southwark and the areas under the rules of the Queen's Bench Prison, of the Fleet Prison and the Extent of the clink liberty. 'The whole surface of the Map is divided into half miles commencing fro St Pauls E & W and N & S. The railways entering London colored blue. Below this there is an index to four palaces, 18 Public Buildings, 9 Courts of Justice, 10 Colleges and Public Schools, 14 Exhibitions etc (including Diorama and Panorama), 18 theatres, 15 Police Offices, 30 'Miscellaneous' including Millbank Penitentiary, now the Tate art gallery (prisoners were transported to Australia from here,'Prisoner Of Millbank' gave rise to the label 'POM' for the British. London's first railway was opened in 1836, running between Bermondsey and Deptford, reducing the average travelling time from an hour to eight minutes. This line was extended to Greenwich and London Bridge, with the extension recorded on the map. By 1841 there were six terminal stations in London, with railways linking London with Birmingham and Southampton. These terminals were set at a distance from the centre of the city, due to fears of street congestion (British Library).