Author: Colton, G.W.
Date published: 1871Lithograph with original hand colouring. Overall size: 71.3cms x 44.3cms; 670mm x 425mm. Centrefold as issued. Text on verso describing the history and geography of these Oregon, Washington and Mexico. Highly decorative border. The map depicts forts, rivers, mountain passes, fords etc. The hand colouring in Colton's recognizable pink and greens depicts various state and territorial boundaries. Slight toning to margins and faint waterstaining in bottom right and left margin corners - see large image- else very good condition. Indian tribes noted and many interesting details, 'gold'; 'Mauvaises Terres or Bad Lands which are covered with stunted grass' and the tracks of explorers are noted and dated. George Woolworth Colton (1827 - 1901) was the son of Joseph Hutchins Colton (July 5, 1800 - July 29, 1893) who was an important American map and atlas publisher operating between 1833 to 1897. JH Colton recognized a gap in the market and published guides for immigrants and updated maps with decorative borders after purchasing the copyright from cartographers such as David H. Burr. His two sons worked in the business with him on the vast output of railroad maps, guides and several atlases. The non payment of the fee from Bolivia for a large quantity of maps of the country was financially disastrous for the company. The maps are characterised by their decorative spiral borders and vibrant contemporary hand colouring.
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